Animal Science Merit Badge
Activity Guide for Patrol Leaders
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C) Prerequisites - Scouts
Work to be done prior to program start:


Animal ScienceMerit Badge D) Study Hall

The purpose of this section is to facilitate an opportunity for scouts to research and learn about key concepts relevant to this subject. They need to be prepared to explain these to the counselor.

While some scouts may be adept at self-study, others may do better in a small group setting and taking notes on worksheets. You can facilitate discussion by asking them why each of the principles intruduced here would be relevant.

    Animal Science Basics:
    Discussion forum to review key principles of animal science:

    Meat Institute Power Point - The North American Meat Institute has put together an awesome power point presentation for BSA on this weblink. Look for Animal Science Merit Badge Powerpoint to find it here.

    1. Name four breeds of livestock in each of the following classifications: horses, dairy cattle, beef cattle, sheep, hogs. Tell their principal uses and merits. Tell where the breeds originated.
    2. List five diseases that afflict the animals in each of the classifications in requirement 1. Also list five diseases of poultry. Describe the symptoms of each disease and explain how each is contracted and how it could be prevented.
    3. Explain the major differences in the digestive systems of ruminants, horses, pigs, and poultry. Explain how the differences in structure and function among these four types of digestive tracts affect the nutritional management of these species.
    4. Select one type of animal—beef cow, dairy cow, horse, sheep, goat, or hog, or a poultry flock—and tell how you would properly manage it. Include in your discussion nutritional (feeding) concerns, housing, disease prevention, waste control/removal, and breeding programs if appropriate.
    5. Explain the importance of setting clear goals for any animal breeding program. Tell how purebred lines of animals are produced. Explain the practice of crossbreeding and the value of this practice.

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E) Patrol Activity

    Req #6 - Farming Research Activity:
    Do this requirement as either a field trip or a special research project. Select ONE of these options (each one has a substitute if you cannot visit a farm.)

    • Beef Cattle Option
    • Dairying Option
    • Horse Option
    • Sheep Option
    • Hog Option
    • Avian Option


Animal Science Merit Badge F) Field Trip

    Req #6 - Farm Activity Version:
    Do this requirement as either a field trip or a special research project. Select ONE of these options:

    • Beef Cattle Option
    • Dairying Option
    • Horse Option
    • Sheep Option
    • Hog Option
    • Avian Option


Animal Science Merit Badge G) Program Debriefing

After completion of the above activities prepare to report on what you learn you learn from either your Patrol Research Project or Farm Field Trip.
Req #6: Farming Operations - Follow the requirements for the animal option you selected.
Req #7: Careers in Animal Science - report about potential career opportunities in this field.


H) Extra Credit

This merit badge program is ideal for scouts who are also active in 4H Farming projects.


Camp Horseshoe Bend [SHAC]
El Rancho Cima Texas

Horseshoe Bend at El Rancho Cima is one of the best Old West Style Scout Camps in the Country. With over 40 horses and one of the few summer scout camps that features a complete Horsemanship and Animal Science Merit Badge programs. It is also home 8 rifle ranges and 2 shotgun ranges. The stockade offers room for horseshoe playing and branding demonstrations. Scoutmasters regularly square off for a major Cook-Off featuring an exceptional array of unique dutch oven desserts. You will encounter many genuine cowboys here.


J) Animal Science Famous Quotes:

    Sir William Osler - A desire to take medicine is, perhaps, the great feature which distinguishes man from other animals.
    Charles Darwin - Animals, whom we have made our slaves, we do not like to consider our equal.

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