First Aid Merit Badge
Activity Guide for Patrol Leaders
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First_Aid Merit Badge C) Prerequisites - Scouts
Work to be done prior to program start:

    Print Merit Badge Workbook - One for each scout.
    Tenderfoot Req #12 - Complete with your Scoutmaster all Tenderfoot First Aid Requirements.
    2nd Class Req #7 - Complete with your Scoutmaster all 2nd Class First Aid Requirements.
    1st Class Req #8 - Complete with your Scoutmaster all 1st Class First Aid Requirements.
    Read Scout Handbook Chapter 4 : First Aid - "The resources in this section will help you be prepared in case of emergency."
    Req 2d: Home First Aid Kid - Prepare a first aid kit for your home. (See page 128 of your Scout Handbook for details.)

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Art Merit Badge D1) Group Session: Review

The purpose of this section is to facilitate an opportunity for scouts to research and learn about key concepts relevant to this subject. They need to be prepared to explain these to the counselor.

While some scouts may be adept at self-study, others may do better in a small group setting and taking notes on worksheets. You can facilitate discussion by asking them why each of the principles intruduced here would be relevant.

    Req #1: Review of Boy Scout First Aid Skills:
    Demonstrate Knowledge of First Aid requirements for Tenderfoot, 2nd Class and 1st Class Scout.

      Scout First Aid Test PDF - 25 point multiple question review of scouting first aid basics. All scouts should score 20 points or better.(Credit: / Warning: Answer Key attached.)

    Req #2: First Aid Discussion

      Chart: The Goals of First Aid
      Chart: Emergency Triage Fundamentals
      a. Explain how you would obtain emergency medical assistance from your home, on a wilderness camping trip, and during an activity on open water.
      b. Explain the term triage. Explain the steps necessary to access and handle a medical emergency until help arrives.
      c. Explain the standard precautions as applied to bloodborne pathogens.

    Req #2d : Home First Aid Kit
    Each scout should present a Home Use First Aid Kit for inspection. Display and discuss its contents with the counselor. (See page 128 of your Scout Handbook for detailed checklist.)

Art Merit Badge D2) Group Session : CPR

Req #3: CPR

    Chart: CPR Principles to Remember
    a. Explain what action you should take for someone who shows signals of shock, for someone who shows signals of a heart attack, and for someone who shows signals of stroke.
    b. Identify the conditions that must exist before performing CPR on a person. Then demonstrate proper technique in performing CPR using a training device approved by your counselor.
    c. Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED).
    d. Show the steps that need to be taken for someone suffering from a severe cut on the leg and on the wrist. Tell the dangers in the use of a tourniquet and the conditions under which its use is justified.
    e. Explain when a bee sting could be life threatening and what action should be taken for prevention and for first aid.
    f. Explain the symptoms of heatstroke and what action needs to be taken for first aid and for prevention.

Art Merit Badge D3) Group Session: Skills
First Aid Merit Badge Pamphlet is a great resource to answer any questions on many basic first aid situations.

Req #4: Broken Bones

    a. Describe the signals of a broken bone. Show first aid procedures for handling fractures (broken bones), including open (compound) fractures of the forearm, wrist, upper leg, and lower leg using improvised materials.
    b. Describe the symptoms and possible complications and demonstrate proper procedures for treating suspected injuries to the head, neck, and back. Explain what measures should be taken to reduce the possibility of further complicating these injuries.

Req #5: Severe Symptons
Describe the symptoms, proper first aid procedures, and possible prevention measures for the following conditions:

    a. Hypothermia
    b. Convulsions / seizures
    c. Frostbite
    d. Dehydration
    e. Bruises, strains, sprains
    f. Burns
    g. Abdominal pain
    h. Broken, chipped, or loosened tooth
    i. Knocked out tooth
    j. Muscle cramps

Art Merit Badge E) Patrol Activity: First Aid Drills

Req #7: First Aid Bingo
Goal: Teach another Scout a first-aid skill selected by your counselor.

    First Aid Bingo Schdule - Dart board to select random First Aid Topics. Note they have at least 5 First Aid Cards to choose from.

Req #6a: First Aid Transports
Goal: Select and Demonstrate the best method to move a sick or injured person. You look at the various scenarios in First Aid Bingo above.

Req #6b: First Aid Stretcher
Goal: With helpers under your supervision, improvise a stretcher and move a presumably unconscious person.

  • Stretcher Race: You may have a race between patrols to see who can assemble a useable stretcher and transport their victim the quickest around the building.

Req #6c: Med Hut Tour (Optional)
If your merit badge program may take place at a scout camp or other location with a functioning medical center closeby. Your group could do a Med Hut Tour as a substitute for either 6a or 6b above.

F) Field Trip
Not needed. See Patrol Activity Above.

First_Aid Merit Badge G) Program Debriefing

You may need a fifth work session to finish completion of the merit badge learning activities described above.

Extra Credit:

I) First Aid Famous Quotes:

    Safety means first aid to the uninjured. - Author Unknown
    Accidents hurt – safety doesn’t. - Author Unknown
    Friends are as companions on a journey, who ought to aid each other to persevere in the road to a happier life. - Pythagoras

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