First Aid Merit Badge
Activity Guide for Patrol Leaders

    First_Aid Merit Badge

    Aids for the Boy-Led Scout Troop
    First Aid Merit Badge is Required for Eagle Rank!

    By far, First Aid is the most popular merit badge scouting - Let's make the most of it!

    It is best to work this merit badge with someone that has all of the necessary equipment. It makes for a ideal four-hour program for either a merit badge clinic or scout camp.

    Sample Activity Plan

    • This is the First Aid merit badge for Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers.

    First Aid Cartoon A) Make Your Plan
    The Trail to Adventure Fun!

      1. Merit Badge Activity Preview

      2. Sample Plan Outline
      Note: This Plan is a Draft - Some dates, events and activities may change after reviewing it with your leaders.

      • Make draft of Event Flyer (See Example Here).
      • Each Participant to be notified that he needs:
      • Event Dates / Places / Dress Code / Supplies / Etc.
      • Pre-requisites (ie worksheet, blue card, research materials)
      • Homework Requirements
      • Service Project Opportunities? (See Extra Credit)
      • Outdoor & Camping Opportunities? (See Extra Credit)
      • Other Related Scouting Activities? (See Extra Credit)

      3. Meet the Merit Badge Counselor
      Review your plan with the merit badge counselor. Some activities require his advance approval. The Scoutmaster should be able to recommend a counselor to you.

      4. Patrol Leader Council
      Present Activity Proposal to your fellow patrol leaders and scoutmaster. Make assignments as needed.

      5. Activity Supplies
      Does your Troop have access to first aid supplies for the Study Hall and Patrol Activity.

      6. Announce & Start Activity

      • Get final approval from your scoutmaster.
      • Update event flyer (#2) above.
      • Distribute event flyer / Begin Introduction

    First Aid Merit Badge B) Introduction
    Present the plan to your patrol or troop (Either at your first activity meeting or sometime earlier.)

    Here are some ideas to show why this activity will be both fun and important.

    First aid — caring for injured or ill persons until they can receive professional medical care — is an important skill for every Scout. With some knowledge of first aid, a Scout can provide immediate care and help to someone who is hurt or who becomes ill. First aid can help prevent infection and serious loss of blood. It could even save a limb or a life.

    Show on Laptop or portable TV & crank up the sound!

    First_Aid Merit Badge C) Scout Homework
    Work to be done prior to program start:

      Review of Boy Scout First Aid Skills:

        Print Merit Badge Workbook - One for each scout.
        Read Scout Handbook Chapter 4 : First Aid - "The resources in this section will help you be prepared in case of emergency."

      Req #2d: Home First Aid Kit

        Prepare a first aid kit for your home. Display and discuss its contents with your counselor.

    Scout Handbook - Page 128 - Prepare a first aid kit for your home.
    First Aid Supplies - Several of our online sponsors may have just what you need:

     Discount Medical Supplies

    Genealogy Merit Badge D) Study Hall

    Purpose: Help each Patrol Member learn key concepts on this subject. Include the following resources:

      Req #1: Review of Boy Scout First Aid Skills:

      Req #2: First Aid Discussion

        a. Explain how you would obtain emergency medical assistance from your home, on a wilderness camping trip, and during an activity on open water.
        b. Explain the term triage. Explain the steps necessary to access and handle a medical emergency until help arrives.
        c. Explain the standard precautions as applied to bloodborne pathogens.

        Chart: The Goals of First Aid
        Chart: Emergency Triage Fundamentals
      Art Merit Badge

      Req #3: CPR

        a. Explain what action you should take for someone who shows signals of shock, for someone who shows signals of a heart attack, and for someone who shows signals of stroke.
        b. Identify the conditions that must exist before performing CPR on a person. Then demonstrate proper technique in performing CPR using a training device approved by your counselor.
        c. Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED).
        d. Show the steps that need to be taken for someone suffering from a severe cut on the leg and on the wrist. Tell the dangers in the use of a tourniquet and the conditions under which its use is justified.
        e. Explain when a bee sting could be life threatening and what action should be taken for prevention and for first aid.
        f. Explain the symptoms of heatstroke and what action needs to be taken for first aid and for prevention.

        Chart: CPR Principles to Remember
      Art Merit Badge

      Req #4: Broken Bones

        a. Describe the signals of a broken bone. Show first aid procedures for handling fractures (broken bones), including open (compound) fractures of the forearm, wrist, upper leg, and lower leg using improvised materials.
        b. Describe the symptoms and possible complications and demonstrate proper procedures for treating suspected injuries to the head, neck, and back. Explain what measures should be taken to reduce the possibility of further complicating these injuries.

      Req #5: Severe Symptons

        Describe the symptoms, proper first aid procedures, and possible prevention measures for the following conditions:

          a. Hypothermia
          b. Convulsions / seizures
          c. Frostbite
          d. Dehydration
          e. Bruises, strains, sprains
          f. Burns
          g. Abdominal pain
          h. Broken, chipped, or loosened tooth
          i. Knocked out tooth
          j. Muscle cramps

    Art Merit Badge E) Patrol Activity: First Aid Drills

    Req #7: First Aid Bingo
    Goal: Teach another Scout a first-aid skill selected by your counselor.

      First Aid Bingo Schdule - Dart board to select random First Aid Topics. Note they have at least 5 First Aid Cards to choose from.

    Req #6a: First Aid Transports
    Goal: Select and Demonstrate the best method to move a sick or injured person. You look at the various scenarios in First Aid Bingo above.

    Req #6b: First Aid Stretcher
    Goal: With helpers under your supervision, improvise a stretcher and move a presumably unconscious person.

    • Stretcher Race: You may have a race between patrols to see who can assemble a useable stretcher and transport their victim the quickest around the building.

    Req #6c: Med Hut Tour (Optional)
    If your merit badge program may take place at a scout camp or other location with a functioning medical center closeby. Your group could do a Med Hut Tour as a substitute for either 6a or 6b above.

    First_Aid Merit Badge G) Merit Badge Final

    You may need a fifth work session to finish completion of the merit badge learning activities described above.

      Req #2d : Home First Aid Kit
      Each scout should present a Home Use First Aid Kit for inspection. Display and discuss its contents with the counselor. (See page 128 of your Scout Handbook for detailed checklist.)

    H) Extra Credit

    Never add to or take away from the stated merit badge requirements. The material presented below is intended only to add fun for the patrol by way of either activity or community service.

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First Aid Merit Badge
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